Almost three months after researchers from the Edinburgh Napier University published a study on how to carry out reflection DDoS attacks by abusing TFTP servers, Akamai is now warning of real-life attacks. Akamai SIRT, the company’s security team, says its engineers detected at least ten DDoS attacks since April 20, 2016, during which crooks abused Internet-exposed TFTP servers to reflect traffic and send it tenfolds towards their targets, in a tactic that’s called a “reflection” (or “amplification”) DDoS attack. The crooks sent a small number of packets to TFTP servers, which contained various flaws in the protocol implementation, and then sent it back multiplied to their targets. The multiplication factor for TFTP DDoS attacks is 60, well above the regular average for reflection DDoS attacks, which is between 2 and 10. First instances of TFTP reflection DDoS attacks fail to impress Akamai says the attacks they detected employing TFTP servers were part of multi-vector DDoS attacks, during which crooks mixed different DDoS-vulnerable protocols together, in order to confuse their target’s IT department and make it harder to mitigate. Because the attack wasn’t pure, it never reached huge statistical measurements. Akamai reports the peak bandwidth was 1.2 Gbps and the peak packet volume was 176,400 packets per second. These are considered low values for DDoS attacks, but enough to consume the target’s bandwidth. Akamai SIRT says they’ve seen a weaponized version of the TFTP attack script circulating online as soon as the Napier University study was released. The crooks seem to have misconfigured the attack script The attack script is simple and takes user input values such as the victim’s IP, the attacked port, a list of IP addresses from vulnerable, Internet-available TFTP servers, the packet per second rate limit, the number of threads, and the time the script should run. In the attacks it detected, Akamai says the crooks ignored to set the attacked port value, and their script send out traffic to random ports on the target’s server. Back in March, Napier University researchers said they’ve found over 599,600 publicly open servers that had port 69 (TFTP) open. Akamai warns organizations to secure their TFTP servers by placing these servers behind a firewall. Since the 25-year-old TFTP protocol doesn’t support modern authentication methods, there is no good reason to have these types of servers exposed to the Internet. Source: http://news.softpedia.com/news/ddos-attacks-via-tftp-protocol-become-a-reality-after-research-goes-public-504713.shtml#ixzz4AH801pER
It’s been proven that preventive medical strategies are more cost-effective for treatment and better solutions to support long-term health than reactive medical measures. Anticipating issues and preparing for and supporting healthy systems is simply more logical than troubleshooting and fixing things when they go wrong. The same concept has been successfully used in IT security for years and it should be no different when planning for DDoS attacks. But despite their relatively predictable nature and … More ?
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How visibility can help detect and counter DDoS attacks
Swimming against the torrent of relentless headlines highlighting the lack of cybersecurity among banks, government agencies, and popular websites, the Lloyds Banking Group has seen an 80-90% drop in cyberattacks. The reason? “Enhanced” cybersecurity measures. While banks around the world begin to accept the uncomfortable reality wherein a $81 million cyber-heist is entirely plausible whilst relying on the global banking platform (SWIFT), one UK-based bank has seen a drop in cyber-attacks. UK-based Llyods Banking Group has seen a drop of between 80% to 90%, even though there has been an increase in cyberattacks targeting the UK this year. The revelation was made by Miguel-Ángel Rodríguez-Sola, the group director for digital, marketing & customer development. One of the most common attack vectors remain Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. “There had been an increase in the UK in terms of cyber attacks between June and February this year,” Rodríguez-Sola stated. He added “However, over the last two months, I have had five-times less than at the end of last year.” Speaking to the Telegraph , he claimed a greater collaborative effort with law enforcement agencies. More notably, he spoke about the enabling of additional layers of cyber-defenses, without going into specifics. In statements, he said: We needed to re-plan our digital development to make sure that we put in new defences, more layers. [The number of cyberattacks] is now one-fifth or one-tenth of what it was last year. The news of a decrease in cyberattacks faced by the banking group comes during a time when a third bank was recently revealed to be a victim of the same banking group which was involved in a staggering $81 million dollar heist involving the Bangladesh Central Bank. Increasing reports of other member banks of the SWIFT network falling prey to cyberheists has spurred SWIFT to issue a statement, urging banks to report cybercrimes targeting member banks. Source: https://hacked.com/uk-based-llyods-bank-sees-decrease-cyberattacks/
UK-Based Llyod’s Bank Sees Decrease in Cyberattacks
A Louisiana man was sentenced to 12 months and one day in prison for using a computer to steal money, hacking computers to obtain passwords, and attempting to sell information on the online hacking forum known as Darkode. Rory Stephen Guidry, aka firstname.lastname@example.org was sentenced by US District Judge Dee D. Drell on one count of obtaining information by computer from a protected computer. He was also sentenced to three years of supervised release. According … More ?
Cops find 5000 stolen active credit cards at carder’s crib Darkode bot bandit Rory Stephen Guidry has been sentenced to a year and a day in prison for selling a botnet containing 5000 enslaved machines, and stealing US$80,000 (£72,069, A$111,728) in Bitcoins and 5000 active credit cards.…
Anonymous emerges as the leader in 2016’s Trending Hacktivist Groups Anonymous continued to remain at the top in the top trending hacktivist group, says SurfWatch Labs based on the data collected on threat intelligence and social media hype. The hacktivist group was followed by Turk Hack Team (THT), New World Hacking (NWO), and Ghost Squad Hackers. In comparison to other years, the data shows that hacktivism has decelerated and lost its impetus but still has managed to cause enough damages to gather mainstream media attention. The government agencies were hit the most by hacktivism campaigns says the security firm with the most publicity having been created around the now-notorious COMELEC hack by Anonymous Philippines and Lulzsec Philippines, during which information for around 50 million Filipino voters were disclosed. Other than this incident, at the start of the year, the hacktivist groups created a lot of attention to their causes via the massive DDoS attack on BBC, the DDoS attacks on Donald Trump’s websites part of #OpTrump, the DDoS attacks on the Bank of Greece part of #OpIcarus, and the ones on Nissan part of #OpKillingBay. The Bank of Cyprus, the pulling down of ISIS Twitter profiles followed by the Belgium attacks, and the leak of data from NASA’s internal network were some of the other small hacktivism incidents that also managed to garner a lot of attention to causes and the groups behind them. During the first months of 2016, the top five hacktivism campaigns were #OpTrump, #OpKilling Bay, #OpWhales, #OpIsrael, and #OpAfrica. Since #OpIcarus was supposed to last for the entire month of May, it was not included in the list. However, the campaign is sure to become a support in Anonymous’ standard operations. Former big names such as the Syrian Electronic Army (SEA) and Lizard Squad seem to have disappeared with no or little activity from its members, points out SurfWatch Labs in its report. Looks like the SEA group members are perhaps busy avoiding getting arrested considering that the US has filed former charges against members of the group. Source: http://www.techworm.net/2016/05/anonymous-2016s-top-trending-hacktivist-group.html
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Anonymous is 2016’s top trending hacktivist group
Early last week, DNS and traffic management provider NS1 was hit with a series of DDoS attacks that lasted several days, and managed to impact DNS delivery in the European, American and Asian region. “Over the course of last week, we sustained dozens of large DDoS attacks, ranging in strategy from simple volumetric attacks, to complex direct DNS lookup attacks, to concentrated attacks against our upstream network providers and other vendors. These attacks are an … More ?
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DNS provider NS1 hit with multi-faceted DDoS attacks
Freelancer-finding site Fiverr boots out sellers, but DDOS prices are plunging everywhere Freelancer-finding site Fiverr has booted out users offering distributed denial of service attack for-hire groups for as low as US$5.…
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DDOS-as-a-service offered for just five dollars
Attack on NS1 sends 50 million to 60 million lookup packets per second. Unknown attackers have been directing an ever-changing army of bots in a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack against NS1, a major DNS and traffic management provider, for over a week. While the company has essentially shunted off much of the attack traffic, NS1 experienced some interruptions in service early last week. And the attackers have also gone after partners of NS1, interrupting service to the company’s website and other services not tied to the DNS and traffic-management platform. While it’s clear that the attack is targeting NS1 in particular and not one of the company’s customers, there’s no indication of who is behind the attacks or why they are being carried out. NS1 CEO Kris Beevers told Ars that the attacks were yet another escalation of a trend that has been plaguing DNS and content delivery network providers since February of this year. “This varies from the painful-but-boring DDoS attacks we’ve seen,” he said in a phone interview. “We’d seen reflection attacks [also known as DNS amplification attacks] increasing in volumes, as had a few content delivery networks we’ve talked to, some of whom are our customers.” In February and March, Beevers said, “we saw an alarming rise in the scale and frequency of these attacks—the norm was to get them in the sub-10 gigabit-per-second range, but we started to see five to six per week in the 20 gigabit range. We also started to see in our network—and other friends in the CDN space saw as well—a lot of probing activity,” attacks testing for weak spots in NS1’s infrastructure in different regions. But the new attacks have been entirely different. The sources of the attacks shifted over the week, cycling between bots (likely running on compromised systems) in eastern Europe, Russia, China, and the United States. And the volume of the attacks increased to the 30Gbps to 50Gbps range. While the attacks rank in the “medium” range in total volume, and are not nearly as large as previous huge amplification attacks, they were tailored specifically to degrading the response of NS1’s DNS structure. Rather than dumping raw data on NS1’s servers with amplification attacks—where an attacker sends spoofed DNS requests to open DNS servers that will result in large blocks of data being sent in the direction of the target—the attackers sent programmatically generated DNS lookup requests to NS1’s name servers, sometimes at rates of 50 million to 60 million packets per second. The packets looked superficially like genuine requests, but they were for resolution of host names that don’t actually exist on NS1’s customers’ networks. NS1 has shunted off most of the attack traffic by performing upstream filtering of the traffic, using behavior-based rules that differentiate the attacker’s requests from actual DNS lookups. Beevers wouldn’t go into detail about how that was being done out of concern that the attackers would adapt their methods to overcome the filtering. But the attacks have also revealed a problem for customers of the major infrastructure providers in the DNS-based traffic management space. While the DNS specification has largely gone unchanged since it was created from a client perspective, NS1 and other providers have carried out a lot of proprietary modification of how DNS works behind the scenes, making it more difficult to use multiple DNS providers for redundancy. “We’ve moved a bit away from the interoperable nature of DNS,” Beevers said. “You can’t slave one DNS service to another anymore. You’re not seeing DNS zone transfers, because features and functionality of the [DNS provider] networks have diverged so much that you can’t transfer that over the zone transfer mechanism.” To overcome that issue, Beevers said, “people are pulling tools in-house to translate configurations from one provider to another—that did work very well for some of our customers [in shifting DNS during the attack].” NS1, like some of its competitors, also provides a service that allows customers to run the company’s DNS technology on dedicated networks. “so if our network gets hit by a big DDoS attack, they can still have access.” Fixing the interoperability problem will become more urgent as attacks like the most recent one become more commonplace. But Beevers said that it’s not likely that the problem will be solved by a common specification for moving DNS management data. “DNS has not evolved since the ’80s, because there’s a spec,” he said. “But I do believe there’s room for collaboration. DNS is done by mostly four or five companies— this is one of those cases where we have a real opportunity because community is small enough and because the traffic management that everyone uses needs a level of interoperability.” As companies with big online presences push for better ways to build multi-vendor and multi-network DNS systems to protect themselves from outages caused by these kinds of attacks, he said, the DNS and content delivery network community is going to have to respond. Source: http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2016/05/major-dns-provider-hit-by-mysterious-focused-ddos-attack/
In a new wrinkle in cybercriminal business modeling, distributed denial of service (DDoS)-for-hire services are being offered on the popular website Fiverr—where, as its name suggests, various professional services are offered for $5. According to Imperva, DDoS-for-hire services are a widespread business for hackers, typically billing themselves as “stressor” services to “help test the resilience of your own server.” In reality, they’re renting out access to a network of enslaved botnet devices, (e.g., Trojan-infected PCs), which are used as a platform to launch DDoS attacks. And once a user hands over his money, the criminals don’t care whose servers are ‘stress tested.’ A year ago, Imperva’s survey of the 20 most common stressor services showed that the average price was $38 per hour, and went as low as $19. Recently, the SecureWorks Underground Hacker Marketplace Report showed that, on the bottom end, the cost of hiring such a service on the Russian underground dropped to just five dollars per hour. “The price tag made us think of Fiverr—a trendy online marketplace where various professional services are offered for five bucks?” Incapsula researchers said, in a blog. “Would DDoS dealers have the audacity to use this platform to push their wares? A quick site search confirmed that, in fact, they would.” Imperva reached out to see if the Fiverr offers were the innocent stress testers they claimed to be. “To do so, we created an account on Fiverr and asked each of the stressor providers the following question: Regarding the stress test, does the site have to be my own?” the researchers noted. “Most had the good sense to ignore our message. One suggested that we talk on Skype.” In the end, an offering with a skull and bones image that offered to “massive DDoS attack your website” responded, saying: “Honestly, you [can] test any site. Except government state websites, hospitals.” Imperva quickly contacted Fiverr to let them know about the misuse of their service—they responded and acted to remove the providers. “Fiverr’s decisive action should serve as an example to an online community that, by and large, has accepted the existence of illegal stressors as a fact of life,” the researchers noted. Source: http://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/news/ddosforhire-services-go-up-on/